KARAKTERISTIK ANALISIS WACANA KRITIS DALAM WACANA BERITA “PUTRA RAJA DIDUGA BIANG TRAGEDI: ARAB SAUDI MENYEBUT JAMAAH TIDAK PATUH ATURAN HAJI”

Umi Kholidah

Abstract


Abstrak
Karakteristik dalam Analisis Wacana Kritis (AWK) meliputi tindakan, konteks, historis, kekuasaan, dan ideologi. Bila dilihat dari pemberitaan kasus tragedi Mina dapat dianalisis menurut kelima karakteristik tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan karakteristik analisis wacana kritis dalam wacana berita “Putra Raja Diduga Biang Tragedi: Arab Saudi Menyebut Jamaah Tidak Patuh Aturan Haji”. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan (a) metode simak bebas libat cakap, (b) catat, (c) wawancara, (d) studi pustaka, dan (e) dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian yang ditemukan berdasarkan kelima karakteristik tersebut yang paling menonjol adalah kekuasaan dan ideologinya. Dalam pemberitaan dijelaskan bahwa Wakil Putra Mahkota Kerajaan Arab Saudi dituding bersalah atas kejadian tragedi Mina telah ditutup-tutupi oleh pihak Arab, walaupun kabar dari negara lain telah menyatakan bahwa tragedi Mina tersebut disebabkan oleh kelalaian dari pemerintahannya yang telah penutup dua jalur ke lokasi pelemparan jumrah tanpa alasan jelas.
Kata kunci: analisis wacana kritis, wacana berita, tragedi Mina


Abstract
Characteristics in Critical Discourse Analysis (AWK) include action, context, history, power, and ideology. When viewed from the coverage of the Mina tragedy, it can be analyzed according to these five characteristics. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of critical discourse analysis in the news discourse "The King's Son Suspected of Tragedy: Saudi Arabia Calls Pilgrims Disobedient to Hajj Rules". The data were collected using (a) free-to-talk-free listening method, (b) notes, (c) interviews, (d) literature study, and (e) documentation. The results of the research found that based on these five characteristics, the most prominent are power and ideology. In the news, it was explained that the Deputy Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was accused of being guilty of the Mina tragedy which had been covered up by the Arabs, although news from other countries had stated that the Mina tragedy was caused by the negligence of his government which had closed the two lanes to the location of the throwing of the tombs without clear reasons.
Keywords: critical discourse analysis, news discourse, Mina tragedy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.52657/jp.v8i1.1653

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