Khaled Sulaiman Omer Abaker


Various studies have focused on language learning by using technology in/outside the classroom. For more investigation, this proposal study examined self-independent learning English outside the classroom; it aims to determine the most frequent technological tool that learners preferred, and what is the most effective online platform. Because of the overlap, several studies published from 2004 up to 2021 have been reviewed. Self-organized as a theoretical framework has been adopted. Participants from three different nationalities: 15 from Indonesian, three Sudanese, and two from Malaysia. Findings show participants used technological means for learning English independently; the smartphone is more used; among many apps, youtube is the best platform for learning English through videos and movies. In sense of wide opportunities created by technology, materials availability, and easy accessibility to improve language learning out of the classroom.


Learning, language, self-organized, Technology, outside, classroom

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.52657/js.v8i1.1612


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